Jesus in the OT – Exodus 17

israel_amalekTime for another post in this series, and I’ll stick to a single chapter for today.  Let’s get going with the first passage in Exodus 17, where we find Moses striking a rock to provide water for the Israelites per God’s directions.

1 All the congregation of the people of Israel moved on from the wilderness of Sin by stages, according to the commandment of the Lord, and camped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Therefore the people quarreled with Moses and said, “Give us water to drink.” And Moses said to them, “Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test the Lord?” 3 But the people thirsted there for water, and the people grumbled against Moses and said, “Why did you bring us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?” 4 So Moses cried to the Lord, “What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me.” 5 And the Lord said to Moses, “Pass on before the people, taking with you some of the elders of Israel, and take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink.” And Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Exodus 17:1–6 (ESV)

The New Testament informs us that this rock was a picture of Jesus Christ.

1 For I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 and all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.

1 Corinthians 10:1–4 (ESV)

We also find Jesus telling us He provides us with living water.

7 A woman from Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” 8 (For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.) 9 The Samaritan woman said to him, “How is it that you, a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a woman of Samaria?” (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) 10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.” 11 The woman said to him, “Sir, you have nothing to draw water with, and the well is deep. Where do you get that living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob? He gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did his sons and his livestock.” 13 Jesus said to her, “Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again. The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”

John 4:7–14 (ESV)

37 On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. 38 Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’ ”

John 7:37–38 (ESV)

Also note that Isaiah predicted Jesus Christ would be stricken for us, as was the rock.

4 Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. 5 But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

Isaiah 53:4–6 (ESV)

The next passage of Exodus 17 explains the events of the Israelites battle with the Amalekites.

8 Then Amalek came and fought with Israel at Rephidim. 9 So Moses said to Joshua, “Choose for us men, and go out and fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand.” 10 So Joshua did as Moses told him, and fought with Amalek, while Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 Whenever Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed, and whenever he lowered his hand, Amalek prevailed. 12 But Moses’ hands grew weary, so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it, while Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side. So his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. 13 And Joshua overwhelmed Amalek and his people with the sword. 14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book and recite it in the ears of Joshua, that I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven.” 15 And Moses built an altar and called the name of it, The Lord Is My Banner, 16 saying, “A hand upon the throne of the Lord! The Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.”

Exodus 17:8–16 (ESV)

As we will see, this battle can be seen as a drama of the spiritual warfare we encounter as followers of Jesus Christ.  I can’t take any credit for this, as with most of my ramblings in these studies, but I found this dramatic picture to be compelling enough to pass on.  The first player in this drama is Amalek, who could be seen as a picture of our fleshly nature warring with our spirit, a theme noted in various New Testament passages.

1 For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery. 16 But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh. 17 For the desires of the flesh are against the Spirit, and the desires of the Spirit are against the flesh, for these are opposed to each other, to keep you from doing the things you want to do.

Galatians 5:1, 16–17 (ESV)

12 Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of the eternal life to which you were called and about which you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.

1 Timothy 6:12 (ESV)

11 Beloved, I urge you as sojourners and exiles to abstain from the passions of the flesh, which wage war against your soul.

1 Peter 2:11 (ESV)

The next player in the drama is Moses, with his continual need to keep his arms raised picturing our need for continual prayer to fight the battles that come our way.

1 And he told them a parable to the effect that they ought always to pray and not lose heart.

Luke 18:1 (ESV)

8 I desire then that in every place the men should pray, lifting holy hands without anger or quarreling;

1 Timothy 2:8 (ESV)

17 pray without ceasing,

1 Thessalonians 5:17 (ESV)

We next find Aaron and Hur, who might be seen as our need for the Holy Spirit to help us fight the battle.

26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. 27 And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.

Romans 8:26–27 (ESV)

The final player would be Joshua, out there in front fighting the battle, perhaps as a picture of how we need the Word during all spiritual warfare.

12 For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.

Hebrews 4:12 (ESV)

There are a few other things to note in how this drama plays out.  The first item is that the battle started when water was provided.  Our major spiritual battles start when we receive the Holy Spirit.

12 So then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. 15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.

Romans 8:12–17 (ESV)

Exodus also notes how the battle would continue from generation to generation, a picture of how our spiritual battles will be life-long.  As such, we need to continually use the tools God gave us in the fight.

10 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might. 11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the schemes of the devil. 12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places. 13 Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm. 14 Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, 15 and, as shoes for your feet, having put on the readiness given by the gospel of peace. 16 In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one; 17 and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, 18 praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints,

Ephesians 6:10–18 (ESV)

Finally, Exodus tells us God would eventually blot out the memory of Amalek, a picture of how God will one day end our battles for us.

23 Now may the God of peace himself sanctify you completely, and may your whole spirit and soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 24 He who calls you is faithful; he will surely do it.

1 Thessalonians 5:23–24 (ESV)

In summary, we found the following today:

  • Exodus 17:1-6 – type/picture – Jesus Christ is the Rock, stricken for us and providing living water
  • Exodus 17:8-16 – drama – spiritual warfare encountered by believers in Jesus Christ

Until next time!

Share on Facebook

Jesus in the OT – Exodus 16

mannaAnother month gone by, another chapter to post?  Boy am I working through this slowly. :)  Let’s pick things back up again with Exodus chapter 16, where we find the Israelites grumbling against Moses, as they often do.

1 They set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the people of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had departed from the land of Egypt. 2 And the whole congregation of the people of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness, 3 and the people of Israel said to them, “Would that we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the meat pots and ate bread to the full, for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”

Exodus 16:1–3 (ESV)

The Lord had saved them from Pharaoh yet again, and still they grumbled.  God’s Son came to earth to save us all from our sins, and yet the people grumbled (and still grumble) against him as well.

2 And the Pharisees and the scribes grumbled, saying, “This man receives sinners and eats with them.”

Luke 15:2 (ESV)

41 So the Jews grumbled about him, because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.”

John 6:41 (ESV)

Speaking of the bread that came down from heaven, we soon find God providing manna for the Israelites.

4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I am about to rain bread from heaven for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law or not. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.” 6 So Moses and Aaron said to all the people of Israel, “At evening you shall know that it was the Lord who brought you out of the land of Egypt, 7 and in the morning you shall see the glory of the Lord, because he has heard your grumbling against the Lord. For what are we, that you grumble against us?” 8 And Moses said, “When the Lord gives you in the evening meat to eat and in the morning bread to the full, because the Lord has heard your grumbling that you grumble against him—what are we? Your grumbling is not against us but against the Lord.” 9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Say to the whole congregation of the people of Israel, ‘Come near before the Lord, for he has heard your grumbling.’ ” 10 And as soon as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the people of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud. 11 And the Lord said to Moses, 12 “I have heard the grumbling of the people of Israel. Say to them, ‘At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God.’ ” 13 In the evening quail came up and covered the camp, and in the morning dew lay around the camp. 14 And when the dew had gone up, there was on the face of the wilderness a fine, flake-like thing, fine as frost on the ground. 15 When the people of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “It is the bread that the Lord has given you to eat. 16 This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Gather of it, each one of you, as much as he can eat. You shall each take an omer, according to the number of the persons that each of you has in his tent.’ ” 17 And the people of Israel did so. They gathered, some more, some less. 18 But when they measured it with an omer, whoever gathered much had nothing left over, and whoever gathered little had no lack. Each of them gathered as much as he could eat.

Exodus 16:4–18 (ESV)

This manna, it turns out, was a physical picture of the spiritual food God provides for us, as noted by Paul.

1 For I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 and all ate the same spiritual food,

1 Corinthians 10:1–3 (ESV)

Jesus Christ explains to us how He is the bread of life, the true spiritual food from heaven.

24 So when the crowd saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they themselves got into the boats and went to Capernaum, seeking Jesus. 25 When they found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him, “Rabbi, when did you come here?” 26 Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you are seeking me, not because you saw signs, but because you ate your fill of the loaves. 27 Do not work for the food that perishes, but for the food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you. For on him God the Father has set his seal.” 28 Then they said to him, “What must we do, to be doing the works of God?” 29 Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.” 30 So they said to him, “Then what sign do you do, that we may see and believe you? What work do you perform? 31 Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’ ” 32 Jesus then said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, but my Father gives you the true bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” 34 They said to him, “Sir, give us this bread always.” 35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst. 36 But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe. 37 All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. 38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who sent me. 39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. 40 For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.” 41 So the Jews grumbled about him, because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.” 42 They said, “Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How does he now say, ‘I have come down from heaven’?” 43 Jesus answered them, “Do not grumble among yourselves. 44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day. 45 It is written in the Prophets, ‘And they will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to me— 46 not that anyone has seen the Father except he who is from God; he has seen the Father. 47 Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever believes has eternal life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died. 50 This is the bread that comes down from heaven, so that one may eat of it and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. And the bread that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh.”

John 6:24–51 (ESV)

Back in Exodus, we find that the manna God provided was just enough for one day, and He even provided enough for two days to cover their Sabbath rest.

19 And Moses said to them, “Let no one leave any of it over till the morning.” 20 But they did not listen to Moses. Some left part of it till the morning, and it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them. 21 Morning by morning they gathered it, each as much as he could eat; but when the sun grew hot, it melted. 22 On the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers each. And when all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 he said to them, “This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Tomorrow is a day of solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord; bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over lay aside to be kept till the morning.’ ” 24 So they laid it aside till the morning, as Moses commanded them, and it did not stink, and there were no worms in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is a Sabbath, there will be none.” 27 On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. 28 And the Lord said to Moses, “How long will you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? 29 See! The Lord has given you the Sabbath; therefore on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days. Remain each of you in his place; let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

Exodus 16:19–30 (ESV)

In the New Testament, Jesus Christ tells us to pray for our daily bread, and reminds us to not be anxious for the next day as God will provided for us.

9 Pray then like this: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. 10 Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. 11 Give us this day our daily bread,

Matthew 6:9–11 (ESV)

25 “Therefore I tell you, do not be anxious about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink, nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing? 26 Look at the birds of the air: they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? 27 And which of you by being anxious can add a single hour to his span of life? 28 And why are you anxious about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin, 29 yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 30 But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is alive and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will he not much more clothe you, O you of little faith? 31 Therefore do not be anxious, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ 32 For the Gentiles seek after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them all. 33 But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you. 34 “Therefore do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Sufficient for the day is its own trouble.

Matthew 6:25–34 (ESV)

Also, in keeping with the idea that this physical food is a picture of the true spiritual food, Jesus Christ reminds even Satan that we are not to focus on and live by physical bread alone… but to feed on the Word of God.

1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. 2 And after fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. 3 And the tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become loaves of bread.” 4 But he answered, “It is written, “ ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.’ ”

Matthew 4:1–4 (ESV)

In Exodus, we find that the manna tastes sweet.

31 Now the house of Israel called its name manna. It was like coriander seed, white, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.

Exodus 16:31 (ESV)

Scripture informs us that Jesus, the Word of God, is a sweet taste to those who believe in Him.

7 The angel of the Lord encamps around those who fear him, and delivers them. 8 Oh, taste and see that the Lord is good! Blessed is the man who takes refuge in him!

Psalm 34:7–8 (ESV)

103 How sweet are your words to my taste, sweeter than honey to my mouth!

Psalm 119:103 (ESV)

2 Like newborn infants, long for the pure spiritual milk, that by it you may grow up into salvation— 3 if indeed you have tasted that the Lord is good.

1 Peter 2:2–3 (ESV)

Finally in Exodus 16, we find that a portion of the manna was to be kept as a remembrance that God provided for them, and that it would be provided until they entered the Promised Land.

32 Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Let an omer of it be kept throughout your generations, so that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’ ” 33 And Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar, and put an omer of manna in it, and place it before the Lord to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the testimony to be kept. 35 The people of Israel ate the manna forty years, till they came to a habitable land. They ate the manna till they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

Exodus 16:32–35 (ESV)

In the New Testament, we are told that we are to remember through the Lord’s Supper how God has provided for us in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.  We are to partake in this remembrance until Jesus Christ returns to take us to the true Promised Land.

23 For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” 26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.

1 Corinthians 11:23–26 (ESV)

In summary, here is what we found today:

  • Exodus 16:1-3 – type/picture – the people grumbled against Jesus Christ, even as He provided for them
  • Exodus 16:4-18 – type/picture – Jesus Christ is the true manna from heaven
  • Exodus 16:19-30 – type/picture – we are to feed on Jesus Christ, the Word of God, not being anxious for each day
  • Exodus 16:31 – type/picture – the words of Jesus Christ are a sweet taste to believers in Him
  • Exodus 16:32-35 – type/picture – we regularly remember the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ until He returns for us

See you in another month, perhaps. :)

Share on Facebook

Jesus in the OT – Exodus 15

Crossing of the Red Sea Bernardino Luini, c. 1481-1532Let’s keep going with the study today with a run through of Exodus 15, starting with the Jews singing a new song upon their deliverance from the Egyptians.

1 Then Moses and the people of Israel sang this song to the Lord, saying, “I will sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider he has thrown into the sea. 2 The Lord is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation; this is my God, and I will praise him, my father’s God, and I will exalt him. 3 The Lord is a man of war; the Lord is his name. 4 “Pharaoh’s chariots and his host he cast into the sea, and his chosen officers were sunk in the Red Sea. 5 The floods covered them; they went down into the depths like a stone. 6 Your right hand, O Lord, glorious in power, your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy. 7 In the greatness of your majesty you overthrow your adversaries; you send out your fury; it consumes them like stubble. 8 At the blast of your nostrils the waters piled up; the floods stood up in a heap; the deeps congealed in the heart of the sea. 9 The enemy said, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil, my desire shall have its fill of them. I will draw my sword; my hand shall destroy them.’ 10 You blew with your wind; the sea covered them; they sank like lead in the mighty waters. 11 “Who is like you, O Lord, among the gods? Who is like you, majestic in holiness, awesome in glorious deeds, doing wonders? 12 You stretched out your right hand; the earth swallowed them. 13 “You have led in your steadfast love the people whom you have redeemed; you have guided them by your strength to your holy abode. 14 The peoples have heard; they tremble; pangs have seized the inhabitants of Philistia. 15 Now are the chiefs of Edom dismayed; trembling seizes the leaders of Moab; all the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away. 16 Terror and dread fall upon them; because of the greatness of your arm, they are still as a stone, till your people, O Lord, pass by, till the people pass by whom you have purchased. 17 You will bring them in and plant them on your own mountain, the place, O Lord, which you have made for your abode, the sanctuary, O Lord, which your hands have established. 18 The Lord will reign forever and ever.”

Exodus 15:1–18 (ESV)

Looking to the New Testament, we find that people will one day sing a new song upon redemption through Jesus Christ.

1 Then I saw in the right hand of him who was seated on the throne a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals. 2 And I saw a mighty angel proclaiming with a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the scroll and break its seals?” 3 And no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or to look into it, 4 and I began to weep loudly because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to look into it. 5 And one of the elders said to me, “Weep no more; behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered, so that he can open the scroll and its seven seals.” 6 And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth. 7 And he went and took the scroll from the right hand of him who was seated on the throne. 8 And when he had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. 9 And they sang a new song, saying, “Worthy are you to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation, 10 and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on the earth.” 11 Then I looked, and I heard around the throne and the living creatures and the elders the voice of many angels, numbering myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, 12 saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!” 13 And I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all that is in them, saying, “To him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb be blessing and honor and glory and might forever and ever!” 14 And the four living creatures said, “Amen!” and the elders fell down and worshiped.

Revelation 5:1–14 (ESV)

3 And they sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, “Great and amazing are your deeds, O Lord God the Almighty! Just and true are your ways, O King of the nations!

Revelation 15:3 (ESV)

There are several items throughout the Exodus song worth noting.  The first being verse 2, that the Lord is our strength and salvation.  We find the same with Jesus Christ.

12 I thank him who has given me strength, Christ Jesus our Lord, because he judged me faithful, appointing me to his service,

1 Timothy 1:12 (ESV)

11 This Jesus is the stone that was rejected by you, the builders, which has become the cornerstone. 12 And there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”

Acts 4:11–12 (ESV)

The next thing of note is in verse 3: the Lord is a man of war.  We find that to be true of Jesus Christ in Revelation.

11 Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war.

Revelation 19:11 (ESV)

Another item of note is in verse 6: the Lord’s right hand is glorious in power and shatters the enemy.  We find Jesus Christ to be the very one who is at the right hand of the Father.

41 But he said to them, “How can they say that the Christ is David’s son? 42 For David himself says in the Book of Psalms, “ ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, 43 until I make your enemies your footstool.” ’ 44 David thus calls him Lord, so how is he his son?” 66 When day came, the assembly of the elders of the people gathered together, both chief priests and scribes. And they led him away to their council, and they said, 67 “If you are the Christ, tell us.” But he said to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe, 68 and if I ask you, you will not answer. 69 But from now on the Son of Man shall be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” 70 So they all said, “Are you the Son of God, then?” And he said to them, “You say that I am.” 71 Then they said, “What further testimony do we need? We have heard it ourselves from his own lips.”

Luke 22:41-44, 66–71 (ESV)

In verses 8 through 10 of the Exodus song, we are reminded the Lord destroyed the Egyptians as they were set to destroy His people, by the power of His breath.  Jesus Christ will do the same to the lawless one as he is set to destroy God’s people.

3 Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, 4 who opposes and exalts himself against every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming himself to be God. 8 And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will kill with the breath of his mouth and bring to nothing by the appearance of his coming. 9 The coming of the lawless one is by the activity of Satan with all power and false signs and wonders, 10 and with all wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved.

2 Thessalonians 2:3-4, 8–10 (ESV)

In verse 16 of the Exodus song, we find God purchased the Jews to be His people.  The New Testament tells us we were purchased by the blood of Jesus Christ to be His people.

22 For he who was called in the Lord as a bondservant is a freedman of the Lord. Likewise he who was free when called is a bondservant of Christ. 23 You were bought with a price; do not become bondservants of men.

1 Corinthians 7:22–23 (ESV)

9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. 10 Once you were not a people, but now you are God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.

1 Peter 2:9–10 (ESV)

The last thing to note in the song is in verse 18: the Lord will reign forever and ever.  We find the same to be true of Jesus Christ.

15 Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever.”

Revelation 11:15 (ESV)

Finally, returning to the rest of Exodus 15, we find the people once again grumbling against Moses.

24 And the people grumbled against Moses, saying, “What shall we drink?”

Exodus 15:24 (ESV)

As often occurs to Jesus Christ, the Jewish leaders grumbled against Him.

2 And the Pharisees and the scribes grumbled, saying, “This man receives sinners and eats with them.”

Luke 15:2 (ESV)

41 So the Jews grumbled about him, because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.”

John 6:41 (ESV)

In summary, here is what we found today:

  • Exodus 15:1-18 – type/picture – people will one day sing a new song upon redemption through Jesus Christ
  • Exodus 15:2 – type/picture – Jesus Christ is our strength and salvation
  • Exodus 15:3 – type/picture – Jesus Christ, contrary to popular belief, is also a man of war
  • Exodus 15:6 – actual reference – Jesus is the Father’s right hand with power, and will shatter His enemies
  • Exodus 15:8-10 – type/picture – Jesus Christ will one day kill the lawless one by His breath
  • Exodus 15:16- type/picture – we were purchased by the blood of Jesus Christ to be His people
  • Exodus 15:18 – type/picture – Jesus Christ will reign forever and ever
  • Exodus 15:24 – type/picture – Jews grumbled against Jesus

There’s your run through for the day… until next time!

Share on Facebook

Jesus in the OT – Exodus 13-14

parting_seaWith the family away camping, looks like a good day to continue on with another post in this study series.  We’ll pick things back up with the Jews leaving their captivity under Egypt.  On their way out, God has a couple commands for them.

1 The Lord said to Moses, 2 “Consecrate to me all the firstborn. Whatever is the first to open the womb among the people of Israel, both of man and of beast, is mine.”

Exodus 13:1–2 (ESV)

The New Testament notes that Jesus Christ was consecrated as firstborn to fulfill this command, but not only that… Jesus Christ is the firstborn of all creation.

22 And when the time came for their purification according to the Law of Moses, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every male who first opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”)

Luke 2:22–23 (ESV)

15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. 16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. 17 And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. 18 And he is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent. 19 For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, 20 and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.

Colossians 1:15–20 (ESV)

The other command of note in Exodus 13 is that of the phylacteries to bind to their bodies to remind them of God’s Word and what He did for them.

8 You shall tell your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 And it shall be to you as a sign on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the law of the Lord may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt.

Exodus 13:8–9 (ESV)

Matthew informs us that Jesus Christ pointed to the hypocrisy of the Pharisees in how they met this command.  They met it for show and missed the entire point.

1 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples, 2 “The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat, 3 so do and observe whatever they tell you, but not the works they do. For they preach, but do not practice. 4 They tie up heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to move them with their finger. 5 They do all their deeds to be seen by others. For they make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long,

Matthew 23:1–5 (ESV)

Moving on with Exodus, we find the Lord moving before the people in a pillar of cloud by day and fire by night.

21 And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night. 22 The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from before the people.

Exodus 13:21–22 (ESV)

Paul points back to the cloud when describing Jesus Christ as the Rock in the wilderness (which we’ll get to later in Exodus).

1 For I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 and all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.

1 Corinthians 10:1–4 (ESV)

Since Jesus is identified with the Rock, it would seem then that the Holy Spirit is identified with the cloud, as Paul later points again to baptism of the Spirit in the same letter.  Jesus Christ and Paul also note how the Holy Spirit is the one who guides us.  Note also that as the pillar never left the Jews in the wilderness, Jesus tells us the Holy Spirit will never leave us.

13 For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.

1 Corinthians 12:13 (ESV)

14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God.

Romans 8:14 (ESV)

16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever,

John 14:16 (ESV)

Continuing with Exodus 14, we soon find the Egyptians chasing down the Jews.  The people have been freed just days before and are already complaining they would rather be back under slavery.

10 When Pharaoh drew near, the people of Israel lifted up their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians were marching after them, and they feared greatly. And the people of Israel cried out to the Lord. 11 They said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? What have you done to us in bringing us out of Egypt? 12 Is not this what we said to you in Egypt: ‘Leave us alone that we may serve the Egyptians’? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness.”

Exodus 14:10–12 (ESV)

As believers in Jesus Christ, we are told we will encounter much spiritual warfare against Satan, the world, and our own fleshly natures.  Paul reminded the Galatians to hold up under the pressure, holding fast to our freedom through Christ and not falling back under spiritual slavery.

1 For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery.

Galatians 5:1 (ESV)

In Exodus, Moses then tells the people God would fight Pharaoh for them, bringing them His salvation.

13 And Moses said to the people, “Fear not, stand firm, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will work for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall never see again. 14 The Lord will fight for you, and you have only to be silent.”

Exodus 14:13–14 (ESV)

In Revelation, we find that Jesus Christ will one day fight for His people, bringing them His salvation.

1 After this I heard what seemed to be the loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, crying out, “Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God, 2 for his judgments are true and just; for he has judged the great prostitute who corrupted the earth with her immorality, and has avenged on her the blood of his servants.” 11 Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. 13 He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is called is The Word of God. 14 And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. 15 From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. 16 On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords. 17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and with a loud voice he called to all the birds that fly directly overhead, “Come, gather for the great supper of God, 18 to eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all men, both free and slave, both small and great.” 19 And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth with their armies gathered to make war against him who was sitting on the horse and against his army. 20 And the beast was captured, and with it the false prophet who in its presence had done the signs by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped its image. These two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. 21 And the rest were slain by the sword that came from the mouth of him who was sitting on the horse, and all the birds were gorged with their flesh.

Revelation 19:1-2, 11–21 (ESV)

Next in Exodus, we find the “angel of God” moving behind the people.  As we’ve noted in previous studies, it’s possible this angel is a preincarnate appearance of Jesus Christ.

19 Then the angel of God who was going before the host of Israel moved and went behind them, and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them, 20 coming between the host of Egypt and the host of Israel. And there was the cloud and the darkness. And it lit up the night without one coming near the other all night.

Exodus 14:19–20 (ESV)

Finally in Exodus 14, we witness the people being saved by God through the sea.

21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord drove the sea back by a strong east wind all night and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 22 And the people of Israel went into the midst of the sea on dry ground, the waters being a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23 The Egyptians pursued and went in after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. 24 And in the morning watch the Lord in the pillar of fire and of cloud looked down on the Egyptian forces and threw the Egyptian forces into a panic, 25 clogging their chariot wheels so that they drove heavily. And the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from before Israel, for the Lord fights for them against the Egyptians.” 26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the water may come back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.” 27 So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its normal course when the morning appeared. And as the Egyptians fled into it, the Lord threw the Egyptians into the midst of the sea. 28 The waters returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen; of all the host of Pharaoh that had followed them into the sea, not one of them remained. 29 But the people of Israel walked on dry ground through the sea, the waters being a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 30 Thus the Lord saved Israel that day from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 Israel saw the great power that the Lord used against the Egyptians, so the people feared the Lord, and they believed in the Lord and in his servant Moses.

Exodus 14:21–31 (ESV)

Again, we look back to the passage of Paul’s letter to the Corinthians to see that this crossing of the sea by which the Jews were saved is a picture of our baptism and salvation through Jesus Christ.

1 For I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 and all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.

1 Corinthians 10:1–4 (ESV)

In summary, here is what we found today:

  • Exodus 13:1-2 – chiasmus – Jesus Christ fulfilled the Law, consecrated as firstborn to His earthly family, while He was in fact the firstborn of all creation
  • Exodus 13:8-9 – Jesus Christ uses God’s command to wear phylacteries to point out hypocrisy of the Pharisees
  • Exodus 13:21-22 – type/picture – pillar of cloud and fire represents the Holy Spirit, which Jesus Christ told us would guide us and never leave us
  • Exodus 14:10-12 – type/picture – as believers in Jesus Christ, we are to not fall back into spiritual slavery
  • Exodus 14:13-14 – type/picture – Jesus Christ will fight for His people, bringing them His salvation
  • Exodus 14:19-20 – appearance – perhaps the angle of God was a preincarnate appearance of Jesus Christ
  • Exodus 14:21-31 – type/picture – Red Sea crossing as a picture of our baptism and salvation through Jesus Christ

We’ll see you next time (when they are camping again? ;)

Share on Facebook

Jesus in the OT – Exodus 12

passoverTime for another post in this series today.  Exodus 12 includes the instructions for the Passover night before the Jews were finally released from slavery.  As part of our study through Leviticus, I put together a more detailed deep-dive of the Passover feast which I’ll post on the blog when I happen to get that far… so for now, this will be a taste of how Jesus is found in this historical event.  Let’s get going.

1 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 “This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. 3 Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, 6 and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.

Exodus 12:1–6 (ESV)

There are several items of note in this passage.  The first is that Passover would now mark a new year and beginning for the Jews.  When we are born again, our faith in Jesus Christ marks a new beginning for us… we are new creations.

3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you, 5 who by God’s power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

1 Peter 1:3–5 (ESV)

17 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.

2 Corinthians 5:17 (ESV)

The next thing of note is that the lamb chosen for Passover was to be without blemish.  Jesus was examined by several people upon being arrested, including Pilate, Herod, Annas and Caiaphas, and was found by them to be without blemish.  I won’t paste all the passages, but Luke provides a quick example.  Hebrews also makes it quite clear that Jesus Christ was unblemished/sinless.

4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no guilt in this man.”

Luke 23:4 (ESV)

15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.

Hebrews 4:15 (ESV)

13 For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.

Hebrews 9:13–14 (ESV)

We then find in the Exodus passage that the lamb chosen for Passover was to be sacrificed.  The New Testament informs us that Jesus Christ is our Passover lamb, sacrificed for us.

7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

1 Corinthians 5:7 (ESV)

We also find in the Exodus passage that everyone was required to participate in the sacrifice.  Paul reminds us that everyone must accept Jesus Christ’s sacrifice to be saved.

21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— 22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction: 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins. 26 It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.

Romans 3:21–26 (ESV)

Finally in the Exodus passage, we find the lamb was to be sacrificed at twilight, which ESV notes point out is literally “between the two evenings.”  We find in the New Testament that Jesus Christ was sacrificed about 3pm in the midst of darkness over the land.

45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” 47 And some of the bystanders, hearing it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.” 48 And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. 49 But the others said, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.” 50 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit.

Matthew 27:45–50 (ESV)

Continuing with the rest of Exodus 12, we next find that the blood of the Passover lamb was a sign to protect the Jews from judgment.

7 “Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it.

13 The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.

22 Take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. None of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.

Exodus 12:7, 13, 22 (ESV)

The Romans 3 passage earlier noted that the blood of Jesus Christ is the propitiation for our sins, which is also pointed out in Revelation.

14 I said to him, “Sir, you know.” And he said to me, “These are the ones coming out of the great tribulation. They have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

Revelation 7:14 (ESV)

Back in Exodus, we find that the Passover meal was to include feasting on the lamb, unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

8 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Exodus 12:8 (ESV)

Jesus tells us in the New Testament that we must feed on Him.

53 So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. 55 For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink.

John 6:53–55 (ESV)

As for the unleavened bread, Paul tells us that our lives in Christ are to be spiritually unleavened.  Jesus also warns us to beware of spiritually leavened teachings.

7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. 8 Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

1 Corinthians 5:7–8 (ESV)

5 When the disciples reached the other side, they had forgotten to bring any bread. 6 Jesus said to them, “Watch and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” 7 And they began discussing it among themselves, saying, “We brought no bread.” 8 But Jesus, aware of this, said, “O you of little faith, why are you discussing among yourselves the fact that you have no bread? 9 Do you not yet perceive? Do you not remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you gathered? 10 Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you gathered? 11 How is it that you fail to understand that I did not speak about bread? Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” 12 Then they understood that he did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

Matthew 16:5–12 (ESV)

As for bitter herbs, which remind the Jews of the bitterness of life under slavery, we are reminded by Paul that even believers in Jesus Christ have bitter sufferings in this world.

18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us. 19 For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope 21 that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. 23 And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies. 24 For in this hope we were saved. Now hope that is seen is not hope. For who hopes for what he sees? 25 But if we hope for what we do not see, we wait for it with patience.

Romans 8:18–25 (ESV)

Continuing with Exodus, we find the Passover meal was to be eaten while being prepared for immediate travel.

11 In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover.

Exodus 12:11 (ESV)

Jesus Christ warns us to always be ready for His second coming.

35 “Stay dressed for action and keep your lamps burning, 36 and be like men who are waiting for their master to come home from the wedding feast, so that they may open the door to him at once when he comes and knocks. 37 Blessed are those servants whom the master finds awake when he comes. Truly, I say to you, he will dress himself for service and have them recline at table, and he will come and serve them. 38 If he comes in the second watch, or in the third, and finds them awake, blessed are those servants! 39 But know this, that if the master of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have left his house to be broken into. 40 You also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.”

Luke 12:35–40 (ESV)

God next tells Moses that the Passover feast was to be kept in memorial forever of their being freed from slavery in Egypt.

14 “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations, as a statute forever, you shall keep it as a feast.

Exodus 12:14 (ESV)

Jesus Christ instituted the Lord’s Supper to be kept as a memorial of His freeing us from spiritual slavery until He comes again.

19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”

Luke 22:19 (ESV)

26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.

1 Corinthians 11:26 (ESV)

Next up in Exodus, we find the Jews being freed on a “night of watching.”

42 It was a night of watching by the Lord, to bring them out of the land of Egypt; so this same night is a night of watching kept to the Lord by all the people of Israel throughout their generations.

Exodus 12:42 (ESV)

Jesus’ description of His second coming sounds like a night of watching for us.

42 Therefore, stay awake, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming. 43 But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken into. 44 Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.

Matthew 24:42–44 (ESV)

15 (“Behold, I am coming like a thief! Blessed is the one who stays awake, keeping his garments on, that he may not go about naked and be seen exposed!”)

Revelation 16:15 (ESV)

In Exodus, we then find the Passover lamb’s bones were not to be broken.

46 It shall be eaten in one house; you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house, and you shall not break any of its bones.

Exodus 12:46 (ESV)

Jesus Christ’s bones were not broken on the cross, a fulfillment of the Passover pointed out clearly by John.

31 Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. 35 He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe. 36 For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken.”

John 19:31–36 (ESV)

To conclude the Exodus chapter on the Passover, we find God bringing His people out of Egypt.

51 And on that very day the Lord brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.

Exodus 12:51 (ESV)

In the New Testament, we are told that through His sacrifice on the cross, Jesus Christ set us free from spiritual slavery.

34 Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who practices sin is a slave to sin. 35 The slave does not remain in the house forever; the son remains forever. 36 So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed.

John 8:34–36 (ESV)

In fact, we even find Jude pointing right back to Jesus as the one bringing the people out of Egypt.

5 Now I want to remind you, although you once fully knew it, that Jesus, who saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who did not believe.

Jude 5 (ESV)

In summary, here is what we found today:

  • Exodus 12:1-2 – type/picture – faith in Jesus Christ marks a new beginning for believers
  • Exodus 12:3-6 – type/picture – Jesus Christ was examined and found to be our unblemished (sinless) Passover lamb, sacrificed “between the two evenings”
  • Exodus 12:6 – type/picture – everyone must accept Jesus Christ’s sacrifice to be saved
  • Exodus 12:7, 13, 22 – type/picture – the blood of Jesus Christ is the propitiation for our sins, protecting us from judgment
  • Exodus 12:8 – type/picture – Jesus’ flesh is true food we must feed on, our lives in Him are to be spiritually unleavened, and those lives will still be filled with bitter sufferings in this world
  • Exodus 12:11 – type/picture – Jesus Christ warns us to always be ready for His second coming
  • Exodus 12:14 – type/picture – Jesus Christ instituted the Lord’s Supper as a memorial until He comes again
  • Exodus 12:42 – type/picture – Jesus’ description of His second coming sounds like a “night of watching”
  • Exodus 12:46 – type/picture – Jesus Christ’s bones were not broken on the cross
  • Exodus 12:51 – type/picture – Jesus Christ sacrifice on the cross frees us from spiritual slavery

That’s it for today… catch you next time!

Share on Facebook

Periodic ramblings by an old geek…